PRINCIPLES OF SEDIMENTATION AND EROSION ENGINEERING IN RIVERS, ESTUARIES AND COASTAL SEAS (update 2015); 580 pages
This document (including modelling package) focusses on the solution of engineering problems related to sedimentation and erosion in rivers, estuaries and coastal seas. The problems considered are: sedimentation (sand and mud) in navigation channels; trenches, mining pits, harbours, river reservoirs, inlets and intakes and other structures; scour and erosion near seawalls, groynes, breakwaters and dams; resuspension from dump sites; dredging aspects; engineering approaches for coastal erosion (detached breakwaters, feeder berms, reef berms). The book (about 600 pages) and models will be regularly updated.
A detailed overview of mud and sand transport in rivers, estuaries and coastal seas is given. Many examples are presented and explained. The book is of interest to: coastal and harbour consultants, engineers, scientists and managers.
Various simple and detailed computer programmes are included to compute transport rates and sedimentation volumes.
1. INTRODUCTION (4 p)
2. SEDIMENTATION AND EROSION PROBLEMS AND ENGINEERING APPROACHES (15 p)
3. SEDIMENT TRANSPORT PROCESSES (98 pages)
4. SEDIMENTATION OF SAND AND MUD IN NAVIGATION CHANNELS (110 pages)
Channel dimensions, Backfilling processes and morphological developments, Hydrodynamic processes, Mathematical description and models, Data sets and hindcast studies, Control measures of sedimentation.
5. SEDIMENTATION OF FINE SAND IN COASTAL HARBOURS, INLETS AND BASINS (35 p)
Flow patterns, Wave penetration, Sedimentation processes, Control measures to reduce sedimentation.
6. SEDIMENTATION OF MUD IN HARBOUR ENTRANCES AND BASINS (60 pages)
Flow patterns and water exchange, Wave penetration, Sedimentation processes, Control measures, Design rules.
7. SEDIMENTATION IN RESERVOIRS IN RIVERS (45 pages)
Sediment input and trap efficiency, Sedimentation model, Sedimentation patterns, Bulk density, Turbidity currents.
8. EROSION CONTROL MEASURES ALONG COASTS (99 pages)
Beach nourishment, Groynes, Jetties, Breakwaters, Reefs, Soft artifical structures, Seawalls, Revetments.
9. LOCAL SCOUR NEAR STRUCTURES (35 pages)
Scour downstream of sills, Weirs and barrages, Scour near seawalls, Breakwaters and Groynes, Scour near piles and bridge piers, Scour near horizontal pipelines.
10. OFFSHORE MINING OF SAND (42 pages)
Sand and mud transport processes at shoreface, Ecological processes, Morphological behaviour of mining pits.
11. DREDGING AND DUMPING OF SEDIMENT DEPOSITS (24 pages)
Dredging aspects, Turbidity caused by dredging, Dumping sites and methods, Far-field behaviour.
APPENDIX A: SAND TRANSPORT TABLES; APPENDIX B: OVERVIEW OF MODELS
Various computer programmes are included to compute transport rates and sedimentation volumes:
TRANSPOR SAND; Point model (Fortran) for computation of sand transport in current-wave conditions (update 2004); Chapter 3.
TRANSPOR SAND ANNUAL; point model (Excel) for computation of net annual sand transport in combined current and wave conditions; annual wave climate is included to determine annual sand transport rates for sediment budgets; Chapter 3.
TRANSPORT TABLES: computed mean annual sand transport rates for range of conditions; Chapter 3.
LITTORAL; point model (Excel) for computation of annual longshore transport using methods of CERC, KAMPHUIS and VAN RIJN; computation of dune erosion due to storm impacts.
TIDAL SAND TRANSPORT; point model (Excel) for computation of velocity profiles, sand concentration profiles, depth-integrated suspended sand transport and bed-load transport in tidal conditions with combined current and waves (transport rates as function of time and tide-integrated). Mud transport is included for non-cohesive sand-mud mixtures , Chapter 3.
TIDAL MUD TRANSPORT; point model for computation of velocity profiles and mud concentration profiles and depth-integrated mud transport as function of time (tides) with current and waves; flocculation, hindered settling and damping of turbulence are included (transport rates as function of time and tide-integrated). Sand transport is included for cohesive mud-sand mixtures, Chapter 3.
ARMOUR.xls; Excel tool for computation of stone/rock sizes of breakwaters, dikes, including wave uprush and overtopping etc.
TC-SAND; Excel programme for computation of turbidity currents of fine sand along slopes; Chapters 3 and 7.
TC-MUD; Excel programme for computation of turbidity currents of fluid mud along slopes; Chapters 3 and 7.
SED-PIT; Excel programme for computation of sedimentation in navigation channels, trenches and pits; Chapter 4.
SED-RES; Excel programme for computation of sedimentation in reservoirs in rivers; Chapter 7.
SAND-RES; Sedimentation and erosion model (Fortran) of coarse sand fractions for reservoirs in rivers; Chapter 7.
SED-HAR; Excel programme for computation of sedimentation in harbour basins; Chapter 6.
SED-TUBE; Excel programme for computation of sedimentation and erosion in streamtubes; Chapter 4.
CROSMOR; Fortran programme for computation of cross-shore and longshore sand transport rates and morphological changes along coastal profiles including banks, feeder berms, mining pits, sand reefs, etc; Chapter 8.
LONGMOR; Fortran programme for computation of longshore sand transport rates and morphological changes along the shore including groynes and breakwaters; Chapter 8.
SCOUR; scour model (Excel) for computation of scour depth near various structures, Chapter 9.
SED-BUD; box model (Fortran) for computation of sediment budget in coastal areas including effects of sea level rise.
SED-BOX; box model (Excel) for computation of sediment volumes in tidal basisn including effects of sea level rise.
Various databases are available for verification of models (benchmark data):
TAP excel file: Time Averaged Parameters of sand transport in flume and field conditions
TAPTS excel file: Time Averaged Parameters of sand transport in flume and field conditions including time series
TORTURE excel file: High-quality field data of sand transport in field conditions (rivers, estuaries and coastal seas)
SEDIMENTATION word file: Sedimentation data of trenches and channels in rivers, estuaries and coastal seas
COAST3D excel files: Cross-shore data of hydrodynamics, sand transport and morphodynamics at Egmond beach
LIP excel file: Cross-shore data of hydrodynamics, sand transport and morphodynamics in Delta flume of Delft Hydraulics