**Contents of:**

PRINCIPLES OF FLUID FLOW AND SURFACE WAVES IN RIVERS, ESTUARIES, SEAS AND OCEANS (update 2011); Hardbound book; 900 pages

**The update 2011 (bound edition, A4 size) consists of 900 pages and figures and contains all details of fluid mechanics in rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. The book can be used as a basic text book for students and as a practical reference book for graduates in civil engineering, earth sciences, physical geography and oceanography. Many examples and exercises are included.**

**1. INTRODUCTION**

Historical background - Definitions - Types of flow - Symbols and units

**2. FLUID PROPERTIES**

**Introduction - Density - Viscosity - Compressibility/Elasticity - Surface tension**

**3. FLUID STATICS**

**Introduction - Isotropy - Hydrostatic pressure - Curved surfaces - Buoyancy**

**4. FLUID KINEMATICS**

**Introduction- Streamlines and streamtubes - Stream function - Accelerations - Deformations - Vorticity**

**5***. *FLUID DYNAMICS

**Introduction - Equation of continuity - Momentum balance - Law of Newton - Momentum and energy passing a section - Applications - Equation of motion - Forces - Euler equations- Bernoulli equations - Navier Stokes equations - Reynolds equations - Laminar and turbulent flow - Time averaging procedure - Two dimensional horizontal flow - One dimensional flow**

**6. STEADY UNIFORM FLOW**

**Introduction - Fluid forces and stresses - Velocity distribution laminar flow - Velocity distribution turbulent flow - Smooth and rough bottoms - Logarithmic sublayer - Viscous sublayer - Transition layer - Outer layer - General velocity distribution - Velocity distribution transverse direction - Flow resistance - Chézy formula - Manning formula -Composite cross-sections - Examples - Subcritical and supercritical flow - Froude number - Critical flow and depth**

**7. STEADY NON-UNIFORM FLOW**

**Introduction - Potential flow - Flow nets - Applications - Gradually varied flow - Bélanger equation - Classification of water surface curves - Analytical computations - Numerical computations - Rapidly varied flow - Carnot equation - Hydraulic jump - Flow in duct -Broad crested weir - Narrow crested weir - Sharp crested weir - Under water openings -Velocity profiles - Curved flow - Fluid forces on body - Drag force - Lift force - Examples**

**8. NON-STEADY FLOW: LONG FREE SURFACE WAVES**

**Introduction - Basic equations - Scale analysis - Character of long waves - Progressive wave- Standing wave - Translation wave - River flood wave - Dynamic wave model - Diffusive wave model - Kinematic wave model - Discharge water depth relation - Tidal waves - Tide generating forces - Tidal analysis and prediction - Tidal classification - Coriolis force -Tides in oceans - Tides in seas - Tides in estuaries - Density induced flow - Types of stratifications - Exchange currents - Internal waves - Wind induced currents and storm surge in seas and oceans - Water level rise by onshore wind - Water level variations by longshore wind - Water level variations by oblique wind - Upwelling and downwelling near coast - Ocean circulation**

**9. NON-STEADY FLOW: SHORT FREE SURFACE WAVES**

**Introduction - Linear and non-linear wave theory - Bernoulli equation for unsteady flow -Linear small amplitude wave theory - Non linear small amplitude wave theory - Non linear effects in breaking and non breaking waves - Linear wave properties - Dispersion relationship - Fluid velocities and displacements - Fluid pressure - Standing waves -Wave boundary layer - Boundary layer thickness - Velocity distribution - Bed shear stress and friction - Influence of waves on velocity profile - Wave energy and transfer - Potential and kinetic energy - Energy transfer and flux - Wave reflection - Wave shoaling - Energy flux balance - Influence of bottom friction - Influence of currents - Wave refraction - Definitions- Equations - Parallel depth contours - Gradually varying depth contours - Wave trapping- Edge waves - Wave diffraction - Wave breaking - Limiting steepness - Limiting wave height on horizontal and sloping bottom - Wave transformation in breaking zone - Wave run up - Wave induced water level variations - Radiation stress - Wave set down and set up - Bound long waves and surf beats - Wave induced currents inside and outside surf zone- Random waves - Characteristic wave heights - Rayleigh distribution - Wave spectra -Wave growth - Dominant wave height and direction - Wave height measurements**

**Appendix A: Formulae**

Appendix B: Mathematics in fluid mechanics

Appendix C: Turbulence

Appendix D: Method of characteristics

Appendix E: Analytical solution method for linearized flow equations

Appendix F: Numerical solution methods for flow equations

Appendix G: Model scaling laws

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